Technology used in the production of electricity from biogas. (Biogas, Syngas)
Biogas (BIOGAS) can be considered clean fuel (CLEAN FUEL) without emission from combustion (ZERO EMISSION) while Thailand is an agricultural country. And there are many industries from agriculture There are raw materials that can be used to produce biogas, such as vegetable scraps from farms and gardens. Scrap from ranch Including dung Waste water and waste from agricultural product processing plants
Technology used in the production of electricity from biogas.
If considering the use of such scraps to develop into biogas Can generate more than 1,000 megawatts (MW) of electricity. The technology used in the electricity generation process from biogas Is a technology that is not complicated Can be implemented at the community level It is another way to increase income for the community. Because the by-products obtained from these organic decomposition processes may be worth more than electricity, namely organic fertilizer. And the result is a tremendous value – environmental preservation From the greenhouse gas emissions from the degradation of these waste as well.
Renewable energy from agricultural waste materials
According to the plans and policies of the Ministry of Energy that must find alternative energy
The goal is that in the next 10 years, there will be up to 25% of renewable energy by using renewable energy to produce electricity of nearly 10,000 megawatts, with sources from a variety of sources such as sunlight, wind, geothermal, water and Biogas in this amount is expected to be from biogas approximately 8001,000 megawatts and also set sub-targets From the production sources in each sector, for example, from the industrial sector (WASTE WATER & DECANTER) about 230 megawatts (according to current data with a production capacity of 156.56 megawatts), hoping to get from the livestock sector (WASTE WATER & MANURE) about 10 megawatts Watts and from agriculture (AGRICULTURAL WASTE & ENERGY CROPS) Approximately 760 MW
Generators for pig farms, chicken farms
Examples of waste from agro-industrial sectors that are biogas sources
Tapioca starch industry There is waste, waste water and oily waste. Palm oil industry has waste water and sludge. The ethanol production industry has waste water, molasses and cassava waste. For the livestock sector that should be a model for electricity generation Is a pig farm Which has medium and large size farms in many areas It is estimated from approximately 176 pig farms with approximately 3 million swine farms. Waste water and pig manure from that farm can generate approximately 10 megawatts of electricity. In the agricultural sector, the cultivation of plants used to produce Direct and post-harvest crop residues Which has very high potential, such as rice straw and corncob, sorghum, grass and weeds, both on land And water weeds, such as water hyacinths and ascetic joss, etc. Leaves and the palm oil, etc. These various debris if developed into biogas Would be able to produce at least 760 megawatts of electricity as according to the target and the solution Community biogas production That will be used to generate 500-1,000 kilowatts of electricity. If this is the case, energy sustainability along with environmental conservation will occur in Thailand.
Source: Economic base